In hypnotic regression, a person being regressed may unconsciously use memories of things he has
experienced or read and dress these up as genuine memories of a past life. It may even be that in his waking life
he is no longer aware of having read a particular book or known a particular fact. Diligent research is always
needed before any past life story can be claimed as authentic, but it will always be difficult to prove that a person
has or hasn’t come across a given fact.
The study of Unidentified Mysterious Animals also known as UMAs. Cryptozoology involves applying science
from other fields of zoology and is often rooted in myth, folklore, and legend.
What defines cults for outsiders is a sense of secrecy and concerns regarding what lies behind the members’ actions. Some
accuse cult leaders of brainwashing followers and stopping them from leaving. Some cults attract the direction-less and claim to
give them a focus in life, but their critics point out the harm of tearing the young or confused away from the support of their
families. There have been cases where members have been forced to pay in vast amounts of money and swear allegiance to
the cult and its leader. Some mystical cults have ended in mass suicides and tragedies, such as at Waco, Texas, where the
authorities mishandled a flammable situation.
An appeal or prayer for evil or misfortune to befall someone or something. A constant stream on misfortune that leads one or
many to believe it is the product of supernatural forces.
A technique used to eliminate the possibility of deception or hoaxing by attempting to uncover any efforts to do so. Usually
the first step taken by reputable paranormal groups before arriving to any solid conclusions of ghostly or paranormal activity.
Only when all other reasonable and logical reasons are exhausted do you claim something to be paranormal.
A decrease in a subject's performance in a PSI test, when the same test is repeated.
Comes from French, which literally translates to 'already seen'. In English the term is associated with seeing or doing
something entirely new, but having the distinct feeling that the experience had been done before.
A strange, unusual or paranormal fading and/or disappearance of an object.
One of the evil spirits of traditional Jewish and Christian belief. A demon is typically regarded as being an evil supernatural
being or a devil. Demons are also found in mythology where they are described as being spirits, or immaterial beings, that hold
a middle place between men and deities. An inferior deity often spoken of in religious text as pure evil.
Extremely evil or cruel; expressive of cruelty or befitting hell.
One who writes on, or is versed in, demonology.
The study of demons or evil spirits; also a branch of magic that deals with such beings. In religious science it has come to
indicate knowledge regarding supernatural beings that are not deities.
A name derived from the Greek diabolos, meaning "slanderer." The name is used for the supreme spirit of evil, the enemy of
God and man, also known as Satan.
Direct Voice Phenomenon
This is the ability of an entranced medium to provide the facility for a deceased communicator to speak in something
resembling his own voice. The phenomenon is normally aided by the use of a séance trumpet, which levitates and which
amplifies the sound of the voice, directing it towards a particular sitter.
A human behavioral function that seems to take place without the vehicle of the body.
Activity performed outside of normal conscious awareness, or mental processes that suggest the existence of separate
centers of consciousness.
Practices involving the interpretation of signs or symbols that seek to obtain oracular knowledge of events. Examples of
divinatory practices are geomancy, tarot, I Ching, sortilege, and reading tea leaves.
This rare phenomenon is a ‘ghostly’ double of a living person, seen by the person himself. German author, scientist and
statesman Goethe famously reported meeting his Doppelgänger, who passed him on horseback, wearing the clothes he would
wear eight years later when his real self finally carried out that action.
An experimental procedure in which neither the subject nor experimenter is aware of key features of the experiment.
Often a forked twig or bent steel rods (but sometimes a pendulum) are employed to locate subterranean water, oil, and so
on, or other concealed items by following the direction in which the rod turns in the user’s hands. Some practitioners use their
bare hands with no gadget. Will also be used to locate a spirit's energy.
A term referring to a ghost or spirit that was unable to cross over to the other side at the time of death and is therefore stuck
A term coined by Dr Charles Richet to denote the substance allegedly produced by a physical medium during a trance to
enable the manifestation of spirit. Sometimes this would form a materialized body, at other times it would create a rod or similar
structure for manipulating objects such as flowers, musical instruments etc. In most photos from the heyday of Spiritualism (i.e.
the Victorian period) it looks like muslin, and this is what many of the religion’s detractors claimed it to be. It can also look like
mist, a solid white mass or vortices. Mediums have been accused of being able to swallow and regurgitate masses of the stuff
at will and have been subjected to all sorts of intrusive physical examinations to ensure orifices were clear.
A technique for amplifying and recording the fluctuations in electrical voltage in the cortex of a living brain using electrodes
attached to key positions on the person's head; this technique has proved to be particularly important for sleep-research (and
thus also for research on dream-telepathy), where characteristic brain waves have been identified and related to the successive
stages of sleep.
In physics electromagnetism is one of four forces (the others being gravity and the weak and strong forces in atoms). It is
commonly experienced in such phenomena as light, radio and magnetism. It is thought by some researchers to be responsible
for various apparently paranormal phenomena. It is known from laboratory experiments that low frequency electromagnetic
waves can directly induce hallucinations in humans. There is no credible evidence, as yet, that such a process actually occurs
in the real world, but it is being sought.
Electronic Voice Phenomenon
A tool for survival research with varying success rates. Voices are recorded either from white noise or silence, often at
haunted locations. The voices are not usually heard at the time of recording. The apparent voices are often hard to make out
and interpretations of messages varies. One problem in EVP is formant noise, where various ordinary sources of sound
containing harmonics can appear to be voices, particularly if heavily processed with audio editing software. The two most
famous early researchers were Konstantin Raudive and Friedrich Jürgenson, while researcher David Ellis examined some of
the best recordings and came to largely negative conclusions as to their ability to provide evidence of survival.
A term usually used synonymously with elementary spirits, but sometimes given a special connotation by Spiritualists to
indicate discarnate entities of a malicious nature. Theosophists use the word elemental to denote the "astral remains" or "shell"
of one who has lived an evil life on Earth and who is loath to leave the scene of his pleasures.
A scientific instrument for measuring electromagnetic radiation. An EMF meter can measure AC electromagnetic fields,
which are usually emitted from man-made sources such as electrical wiring, while Gauss meters or magnetometers measure
DC fields, which occur naturally in the earth’s geomagnetic field. The same device is also used widely by ghost hunting groups.
Critics of paranormal investigation contend that EMF meters are misused to indicate the presence of an apparition, due to the
belief that paranormal entities emit an electromagnetic field.
A broad term used to describe what possibly could be a ghost, spirit, object or something else associated with the
Anything heavenly or celestial. Also pertains to the higher regions beyond Earth where it is theorized the air and atmosphere
is lighter and purer.
Extra Sensory Perception (ESP)
A wide range of phenomena are covered by this term, from the ability to read another’s mind to predicting the future. ESP
includes clairvoyance (knowledge about some distant object or event, such as an unreported accident), telepathy (reading
another's thoughts or sending one's own to another), and precognition (predicting the future). Although many people claim to
have extrasensory powers, these powers have yet to be verified by scientific procedures.
Extraterrestrial Biological Entity (E.B.E.)
The life that may exist and originate outside the planet earth. It is currently defined as an unknown, non-
human, non-Earth animal, non-Earth plant biological being of some kind.
In Christianity, a ceremony used to drive demons out of a person, place or thing they have possessed. Jesus
healed people tormented by evil spirits, casting them out with a word, and his followers later drove out demons
"in his name." It occurs both in primitive societies and in the religions of sophisticated cultures.
The person performing the exorcism, is often a priest, or an individual thought to be graced with special
powers or skills. The exorcist may use prayers, and religious material, such as set formulas, gestures, symbols,
icons, amulets, etc.. The exorcist invokes God and/or several different angels and archangels. The Priest also
uses Crosses and Holy Water often when performing one.
Term used by parapsychologists to indicate an experimental result that has been influenced by the conscious
or unconscious attitudes or behavior of the experimenter, rather than by the characteristics or psi factors relating
to the subject. Such an effect could involve the expectations (positive or negative) of the experimenter or the
particular methods used in dealing with subjects.